Whew! Finishing Up My 75th Curriculum Architecture Design Effort

Number 75

Of course I took over 30 years to get there.

Another performance-based CAD – another performance-based Path produced.

CAD Graphic

The 75th since 1982, when I did my first.

Another Phase 2 effort guided by an Analysis Team in a formal, facilitated Analysis Team Meeting of Master Performers, their management, their trainers, and a couple of other key Stakeholders to determine what ideal Performance looked like in a Performance Model. And then we systematically derived over 130 enabling knowledge and skills, using my 17 K/S Category framework.

That was the week of January 7th, 2013.

And then I assessed the existing content over a couple of days to assess it’s fit, but not its adequacy. I deferred that to the Design Team Meeting – DTM.

That was the week of January 14th, 2013.

And then I prepared for Phase 3.

And that DTM.

That was the week of January 21st, 2013.

Hey – that was this week!


The A in PACT is for Accelerated.

CAD - POTs 2012

In Phase 3 we did a Design Team Meeting with the Design Team, who were all (but one) from the Analysis Team and Meeting.

They had created the Analysis items that we would process in my 7 step DTM methods, tools and techniques.

So no one felt a need to redo that instead of using it for the design steps. Which they would want to do to better understand it before they participate confidently in the design decision making that the 7 steps guide. That’s human nature. So I try to avoid any new-to-the-process people in these efforts. Our newbie had been counseled about not doing that.

CAD DTM 7 Steps

I’ve Been Climbing the CAD Learning Curve

And I’ve been sharing.

TRAINING Magazine published our article on this – from me and my business partners – in September 1984 – after I had done 6 CADs. I had the most experience in CADs then – and since.

It became my thing.


I started presenting at chapters and conferences on this in 1984 as well, and did NSPI in April 1985.

I had already started formalizing my training of my staff because I had been formally training some of my client’s staff, starting in 1983. Necessity being the mother of invention – and documentation of the process outputs, tasks and then knowledge and skills of the practitioners in several roles – as not everyone is suited to all of the roles that one could play in a PACT project for CAD, or MCD or IAD.

So having had to create that formally for clients gave me what I needed for a more formal than not set of materials to train staff, and reduce the variation of process and products from one team effort to the next, in our consulting work. And to be predictive about the time for each role in an effort, for planning and pricing purposes – that I had to have those estimates pretty darn close or we could lose money on each client engagement. Which was important.

NSPI 1985 Presentation- CAD -GWW_Page_01

My Card – From Late 1982

Check out that 312 Area Code – fellow Chicagoans.

That being used in the ‘burbs was really from back in the day. Early 1980s.

I later became a partner with Ray and my wife at the time, Karen.


When I began formalizing CAD and linking it directly to my version of ADDIE: MCD – Modular Curriculum Development – in 1990 – it was first about performance – and having effective instruction – and secondly about making it as efficient as possible.

And doing that with a group who get the business practicality of predictive ROI as part of non-Instructional decision making.

And accomplishing that with the use of modular design thinking of both Instructional and Informational content analysis, design and development.

Down PACT Path 3

Including Performance Support where it exists or will exist, and for the other type of Performance Support that some of us have always called Training.

To improve performance for worthy ROI, and not just because you could.

But because you should.

And doing all of that while thinking of the bigger picture and all the other target audiences that might be better served if you only modularized your content – below the RLO level BTW – so that you could have more ReUse – as is – and – after modification.

For both save time and money. And time is money.

Holy Grail of ReUse

Guiding the new learner/Performers in their climb of the Learning Curve with a Path of Formal Learning intended to better leverage the Informal Learning that will happen as they make their climb.

Same as it ever was. That Informal Learning that is.

Informal Learning IS guaranteed.

Formal Learning IS NOT guaranteed.

But neither is guaranteed to be both effective and efficient in achieving Performance Competence ASAP – otherwise known as Time to Proficiency.

But you can change that.

Performance Competence graphic

Your approach to this is what makes it both effective and efficient – or not.

Method To the Madness

Yes, there are perhaps many ways to do this well.

And many more, unfortunately, that lead to negative a ROI.

ISPI Charlotte Poster Session Posters 2010

Some Articles From Back In The Day

Back In The Day for me, Articles from me…

CAD – Training Mag – 1984 – 6 page PDF – the first publication about Curriculum Architecture Design via a Group Process – published in Training Magazine in September 1984. Original manuscript (30 pages) – How to Build a Training Structure That Won’t Keep Burning Down.

Models and Matrices- NSPI PIJ -1984 – 5 page PDF – the first publication of the performance and enabler analysis methods for ISD, from NSPI’s (ISPI’s) Performance & Instruction Journal, November 1984.

Proj Mgmt – CNSPI -1986 – 9 page PDF – originally published in the Chicago Chapter of NSPI (ISPI) Newsletter in December 1986 – on my Project Management Techniques for Project Definition, Project Planning and Project Communications.

Free Book PDF and Available as a $30 Paperback – lean-ISD (1999)

lean-ISD (1999) – as a Paperback

Paperback $30

Note: this 1999 book was made available as a FREE 410 page PDF in 2007 with some slight updates – here.

But – what’s the cost of your printing and binding? 

Recent Reviewer… “I won your book lean-ISD at an ASTD/ISPI local conference several years ago. I found it helpful on a few projects while I worked at Intel (2001-2005).- D.C. PhD – June 2012″

For other reviews from 1999 including one from the late Geary A. Rummler (who re-designed the book cover), and one from Miki Lane, Judy Hale, Jim Russell, and John Swinney – please go  – here.

Note: the cover design for “lean-ISD” was created by the late Geary A. Rummler.

Note: Guy W. Wallace’s book ”lean-ISD” – was a recipient of a 2002 Award of Excellence for Instructional Communication from the International Society for Performance Improvement.

lean-ISD is also available as a $30 paperback book – for more info and to order – please go – here.

More Recent Resources

But wait, there’s more…


See the Resource Tab for info on these books – or go here – for info on these and other books, including several free books. There are also over 20 free audio podcasts and video podcasts – on PACT and CAD and other related topics, tools and techniques.

PACT are my ISD methods and tools.

EPPI are my Performance Improvement methods and tools.

PACT is a sub-set of EPPI.

Slide1 (7)

# # #

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.