Just In Case You Wish to Employ Evidence Based Practices in Your L&D Efforts
Patti asked if I would review her book and I did most willingly. She knows the research and shares it to the benefit of all. I was excited to review her draft.
I received my finished copy yesterday.
My review comments:
Patti Shank’s Practice and Feedback for Deeper Learning should be on the bookshelf, physical or virtual, of everyone who creates Instruction for improving the performance capability of their target audiences. If you are concerned with transfer back to the job you will benefit greatly from following her five strategies and 26 tactics. This is now the second book I would have every L&D staffer read after Mager and Pipe’s Analyzing Performance Problems.
Guy W. Wallace, The Enterprise Process Performance Improvement Consultancy
Review Comments By Others
Patti Shank’s “Practice and Feedback for Deeper Learning” is a summary of tactics you can use to create memorable, relevant practice opportunities and provide constructive, beneficial feedback for learners. Everything in the book is backed by research and written to be immediately usable by instructional designers and trainers.
Have you ever wondered…?
How do we create practice activities that will help transfer skills to the workplace?
Ho can we create practice activities that are more memorable?
How can we create more effective feedback than just “correct” and “incorrect”?
Do novice and experienced learners benefit from the same strategies?
How do we make sure learners are practicing the right skills and behaviors?
How can we help learners deal with errors and mistakes?
If we’re training a complex task, should we divide the task into small parts or train a simple version of the whole task?
Is it better to give feedback right away or to delay it?
What kinds of realism are important to training practice? Is it necessary to use lots of multimedia to make training look exactly like the work environment?
Is it better to set goals for specific performance levels or goals for making progress in learning?
Table of Contents
Why are Practice and Feedback Needed? … 2
How This Book Works… 3
Using This Book…4
The Science … 7
Learnability … 11
Prior Knowledge… 13
Memory … 14
Mental Effort (Cognitive Load) … 18
Social Processes … 20
Transfer … 25
Metacognition … 29
In Your Own Words … 32
Why Practice and Feedback?… 35
Why are Practice and Feedback Important? … 35
Practice … 41
Feedback … 44
Five Strategies and Twenty-Six Tactics … 47
Strategy 1. Analyze the Job Context … 49
Tactic 1. Connect Learning Objectives to Job Tasks … 50
Tactic 2. Analyze Conditions Under Which People Perform the Tasks … 55
Tactic 3. Evaluate What Must Be Remembered and What Can Be Looked Up … 58
Tactic 4. Analyze Social Processes … 63
Tactic 5: Find the Typical Misconceptions … 65
Tactic 6: Find Out What Gets in The Way … 67
Tactic 7: Assess Support for Skills …71
Strategy 2. Practice for Self-direction … 74
Tactic 8: Work Towards Specific, Difficult, And Attainable Goals … 75
Tactic 9: Use Self-Directed Learning Strategies … 78
Strategy 3. Practice for Transfer … 83
Tactic 10: Make Training Relevant … 84
Tactic 11: Build Practice That Mirrors Work … 89
Tactic 12: Show the Right and Wrong Ways … 98
Tactic 13: Train How to Handle Errors … 100
Tactic 14: Use Whole Skill Practice … 101
Tactic 15: Help with Post-Training Support … 106
Strategy 4. Practice for Remembering …111
Tactic 16: Use Real Context(s) … 112
Tactic 17: Use Self-explanations … 118
Tactic 18: Space Learning and Space Practice … 120
Tactic 19: Support Memory with Memory Aids …127
Tactic 20: Support Essential Skill Upkeep …133
Strategy 5. Give Effective Feedback …137
Tactic 21: Keep the Focus on Learning … 138
Tactic 22: Tie Feedback to The Learning Objectives … 140
Tactic 23: Offer the Right Level of Information … 144
Tactic 24: Fix misconceptions … 148
Tactic 25: Give Feedback at The Right Time … 154
Tactic 26: Structure Feedback for Ease-Of-Use … 160
Now What? … 164
Remembering (Retrieval) Practice … 166
Practice and Feedback for Deeper Learning Checklist …175
Want More?… 181
References … 183
Index … 197
Notes … 199
About the Author … 203
It’s a Great Book
Order it – here.
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