Avoiding the Sage on the Stage Syndrom
When we, as internal or external consultants, go solo in conducting the Analysis and Design processes we employ to create education or performance-based Training – we act as Sages on those Stages IMO.
That’s worse IMO than the Sages on the Stages in Delivery/Deployment.
How to avoid that?
Via a Group Process
Which starts BTW – during Analysis. And Continues in Design.
And continues during Development. And can minimize the need for a Sage on the Stage in Delivery.
And some might consider my approach to Phase 1 – Project Planning & Kick-Off to be the real start of employing a Group Process. I do too – but I don’t want to push it (here and now).
Command & Control? What!?!
Giving up control of Learning Design to Master Performers?
But won’t that lead to Instructionally Unsound Content?
Nope – not if done right.
Not if facilitated by an Instructional Systems Designer/Learning Experience Engineer/ L&D Ninja/Etc./Etc.
I’ve been doing this ISD thing this way since 1979 – and have trained and certified hundreds of ISDers in this approach for my own staff and the staff of my clients – both since 1983.
And I’ve published articles (co-authored) on the Group Process approach since 1984 in both Training Magazine and the NSPI Performance & Instruction Journal.
Wadda Ya Mean: Facilitating a Command & Control Approach to Learning Design?
I mean taking a Group of Master Performers and facilitating them through both a Performance and Knowledge & Skills Analysis effort … and then … a Instructional Design Process.
A Structured Process that allows a tiny bit of meandering – when appropriate.
One thing I tell the participants – handpicked for their instant credibility by the clients – who are organized themselves into a Project Steering Team (PST) to provide Command & Control over the business decisions inherent in any ISD/ID effort.
Maybe I should say Command & Control & Empowerment.
Because that’s what they – the PST – does when they sign off on both the Process and the Participants. They empower a designated group to go about the business of the next defined steps.
What will come out of those steps is pre-defined only so far – in terms of Format and organization. What has yet to be defined is the Content within those organized Formats.
Outputs in MCD/IAD (My version of ADDIE):
Outputs in CAD:
Oh – and as I tell and retell the handpicked participants:
I own the Process and You Own the Content
That’s what will keep the output instructionally sound – with a focus on terminal performance – and an eye on transfer back to the job.
With an eye – at the right time – in what Job Aids … EPSS … Performance Support are needed and what and how to present that – whether they already exists or have yet to be developed – in the APPOs (Application Exercises in PACT=speak) and demonstrated in the DEMOs and presented in the INFOs of a Lesson Map. All driven from the prior Analysis.
Prior Analysis of the Performance and the Enabling Knowledge/Skills. Plus analysis of the Target Audience(s) and the Existing T&D Content (for its ReUse potential or not). See those 2 graphics above.
Facilitating a Group Process
Here are some Facilitation Guidelines…
Here is a recent Blog Post where I revisited my 13-part Blog Post Series from 2008 – where I went in-depth on these guidelines beyond what I published in my 1999 book: lean-ISD.
Additional Published Resources From 1984 and 1995 and 1999 and 2006
CAD – Training Mag – 1984 – 6 page PDF – the first publication about Curriculum Architecture Design via a Group Process – published in Training Magazine in September 1984. Original manuscript (30 pages) – How to Build a Training Structure That Won’t Keep Burning Down.
Models and Matrices- NSPI PIJ -1984 – 5 page PDF – the first publication of the performance and enabler analysis methods for ISD, from NSPI’s (ISPI’s) Performance & Instruction Journal, November 1984.
Video of my 1995 Presentation at the ISPI Conference (used to be NSPI) being presented to the ISD staff at Eli Lilly a couple of months later.
And yes, back in the day we used Overhead Transparencies.
Short Clip #1
Short Clip #2
Teaming for T&D GWW 1999 – 5 page PDF – on my story of inadvertently creating a team – out of frustration with too many revision cycles for a video script I was writing – for training development back in 1979 – and liking the approach for using a Group Process to shorten cycle times and improve the quality of the output.
Free Book PDF: lean-ISD (1999)
Click on image to link to the download page.
Note: the cover design for “lean-ISD” was created by the late Geary A. Rummler.
Note: Guy W. Wallace’s book “lean-ISD” – was a recipient of a 2002 Award of Excellence for Instructional Communication from the International Society for Performance Improvement.
lean-ISD is also available as a $15 paperback book – and $7.50 as a Kindle – for more and to order – please go – here.
Modeling Mastery Performance and Systematically Deriving the Enablers for Performance Improvement – by Guy W. Wallace, CPT – Chapter 11 of the Handbook of Human Performance Technology – 3rd Edition – 2006. This methodology was first published in this 1984 article in ISPI’s (then NSPI’s) PIJ in November 1984.
New book 6-Pack.
For more information about this 6 Pack (you buy them individually) and some of my other books – please go – here.
Blog Posts. Many Blog Posts. And Audio Podcasts. And Videos – over 50 Videos from my School of PACT series.
Scour the Resource Tab.
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Note: there are over 2500 Posts.
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