L&D: 7 Steps in Lesson Mapping

The 7 Steps Are

  1. Tentatively Title the Lesson
  2. Rough out the Learning Objectives
  3. Define the APPOs
  4. Define the DEMOs
  5. Define the INFOs
  6. Define the OPEN Adds
  7. Define the CLOSE Adds


Details follow – but first…

Facilitating the Design Team for Lesson Mapping

The Design Team is a subset or the same group facilitated as an Analysis Team in conducting the Group Process for Analysis. Often the effort is a combination of Analysis and Design by a formally chosen/handpicked (by the Project Steering Team) Analysis/Design Team.

The Group Process is my preferred route to project success – as measured by On-the-Job success in improved Performance of New Hires and/or Incumbent Performers. I’ve been using it since 1979. Here are three articles on that:

CAD – Training Mag – 1984 – 6 page PDF – the first publication about Curriculum Architecture Design via a Group Process – published in Training Magazine in September 1984. Original manuscript (30 pages) – How to Build a Training Structure That Won’t Keep Burning Down.

Models and Matrices- NSPI PIJ -1984 – 5 page PDF – the first publication of the performance and enabler analysis methods for ISD, from NSPI’s (ISPI’s) Performance & Instruction Journal, November 1984.

Teaming for T&D GWW 1999 – 5 page PDF – on my story of inadvertently creating a team – out of frustration with too many revision cycles for a video script I was writing –  for training development back in 1979 – and liking the approach for using a Group Process to shorten cycle times and improve the quality of the output.


LM: Step 1- Tentatively Title the Lesson 


LM: Step 2- Rough Out the Learning Objectives


LM: Step 3- Define the APPOs


LM: Step 4- Define the DEMOs If Needed


LM: Step 5- Define the INFOs


LM: Step 6- Define the OPEN Adds


LM: Step 7- Define the CLOSE Adds


Recycle Through the Steps for Final Clean-Up

Clean up the titles, language, and add the estimated time for each Activity – and then the estimated time for the Lesson, etc.

The Preceding Macro Steps


After Lesson Mapping – The Activity Spec

Or simultaneous to it.

The devil is in the details. Capture and report out those too!


I’ll cover this in a future Blog Post – or check out the references below if you are in a hurry.

Lesson Map Examples







Resources Available

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The PACT Processes for Training/ Learning/ Knowledge Management

PACT is my set of Instructional Systems Design methodologies.

And PACT is a subset of my Performance Improvement methodologies – EPPI – Enterprise Process performance Improvement.


The PACT Processes are 5 Methodology-sets:


Lesson Mapping is a part of MCD/IAD. Not CAD.

Gopher More

Check out the Resource Tab for over 400 free resources on PACT and EPPI.


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