L&D: Guided Learning For When Discovery Learning Is Inappropriate

Discovery Learning

Discovery learning is an inquiry-based, constructivist learning theory that takes place in problem solving situations where the learner draws on his or her own past experience and existing knowledge to discover facts and relationships and new truths to be learned.

From: Discovery Learning (Bruner) – Learning Theories

Slide1

When the learner/Performer has the education and/or experience to know – well enough – what they really need to know – and they really know what they do know and do not know – and how to tell Stuff from Shinola (as THAT saying goes) – THEN – Discovery Learning is the way for them to go.

But otherwise … no.

Head “Em Off at the Pass

With Direct Instruction.

When they don’t know well enough – what they really need to know – and they don’t really know what they do know and do not know – and they don’t know how to tell Stuff from Shinola (as THAT saying goes) – then Guided Instruction is the way to go.

Slide2

Why?

From the Research…

Discovery Learning is Not Generally Effective

Myth:

Discovery learning (also known as problem-based learning, inquiry learning, experiential learning and constructivist learning) hypothesizes that people learn best in an unguided or minimally-guided environment. That is, they learn best, NOT when they are presented with essential information, but when they discover or construct essential information for themselves.

From Will Thalheimer at: http://www.debunker.club/discovery-learning-is-not-effective.html

***

Why Unguided Learning Does Not Work:
An Analysis of the Failure of Discovery Learning, Problem-Based Learning, Experiential
Learning and Inquiry-Based Learning (2004)

  • Paul Kirschner
    Open University of the Netherlands / Educational Technology Expertise Center
  • John Sweller
    University of New South Wales
  • Richard E. Clark
    University of Southern California / Rossier School of Education

PDF here: Analysis_of_the_Failure_of_Discovery_PBL__Experiential_Inquiry_Learning

***

Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work: An Analysis of the Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, Experiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching

  • Paul A. Kirschner
  • John Sweller
  • Richard E. Clark

PDF:

Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work: An Analysis of the Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, Experiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching

***

Putting Students on the Path to Learning: The Case for Fully Guided Instruction, by Richard E. Clark, Paul A. Kirschner, and John Sweller; American Educator Vol. 36, No. 1, Spring 2012 

Free Resources From Me

My 1999 book: lean-ISD (PDF) – here.

For focussing on the Performance Competency Requirements…

Slide3

Other Free Resources

CAD – Training Mag – 1984 – 6 page PDF – the first publication about Curriculum Architecture Design via a Group Process – published in Training Magazine in September 1984. Original manuscript (30 pages) – How to Build a Training Structure That Won’t Keep Burning Down.

Models and Matrices- NSPI PIJ -1984 – 5 page PDF – the first publication of the performance and enabler analysis methods for ISD, from NSPI’s (ISPI’s) Performance & Instruction Journal, November 1984.

Perf Modeling & Enabler Analysis – HR-Com – 2003 – 17 page PDF – an online publication at HR.Com in 2003 covering the analysis of both Performance Competence Requirements and the Enablers – part of my ISD (PACT) and Performance Improvement (EPPI) methods.

CAD – ASTD – 2004 – 5 page PDF – an overview of when to do a Curriculum Architecture Design effort, the outputs of the effort by phase, and the 4 phases of a Curriculum Architecture design effort, published in ASTD’s Links in 2004.

Modeling Mastery Performance and Systematically Deriving the Enablers for Performance Improvement – by Guy W. Wallace, CPT – Chapter 11 of the Handbook of Human Performance Technology – 3rd Edition – 2006.  This methodology was first published in this 1984 article in ISPI’s (then NSPI’s) PIJ in November 1984.

Performance-based ISD – ISPI PX 12-part Series – 2007 – 122 page PDF – an update in 12-parts to my 1999 book: lean-ISD – which covers my ISD methods: The PACT Processes for T&D, Learning and Knowledge Management. Published in ISPI’s PerformanceExpress during the 12 months of 2007.

Additional Resources From Me

These 6 are for the most part updates and reconfigurations of my prior books.

Slide4

For more information and how to order these 6 and some of my other books – please go – here.

It’s Not All About Learning – It’s All About Performance

Slide3

# # #

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s