I Actually Start with the Target Audience(s)
You know, who is Primary, Secondary and Tertiary.
And 2nd what are their Performance Competence requirements. And 3rd what Knowledge/Skills do then therefore need? And 4th, what already exists?
Then use that Analysis in Design before Development before Pilot Testing before Revision & Release.
This first graphic frames the approach for a known Target (Audience) and some narrow task-set.
Once the above stuff is known it is Designed … and then Developed.
The best Test is a Performance Test/ series of Performance Tests, to test the ability to perform tasks to produce outputs to the stakeholder requirements. Which the analysis should have captured along w/ the enabling K/Ss. And the Design framed appropriately before Development.
My Project Planning/Management Frame
I do Project Planning before Analysis before Design before Development before Pilot Testing before Revision & Release. Here is my Project Planning framework for my my ADDIE-like methodology – MCD – Modular Curriculum Development/Acquisition.
Understanding the Performance of Tasks leading to Outputs – then leads to Stakeholder Requirements – then leads to the enabling K/Ss – then leads to what needs to be learned and how: formally or informally and remembered or supported.
Focus on the Performance
Regardless of whether you start your data gathering in Analysis on the left or right – you need to understand what drives what – and that happens right to left – when Backward Chaining.
Establishing Performance Measures
Which should be reflected like a mirror in your Learning Objectives
Establishing the K/S Requirements
Which aren’t all equal – and should not be addressed as if all were equal – which is established in Design after Analysis.
I Get a Sense in Analysis For Design Treatment
Once you understand the Performance Requirements and the Performance Context you should be able to “Well Imagine” what is feasible as Deployment methods (modes & media) and what is not.
Focus on the Performance Requirements – and Enable Them.
- My 1999 book: lean-ISD – for free
- My 2011 book 6 Pack – for sale
- My Chapter in the HPT Handbook (3rd edition) – for free
- And many, many more – hundreds more – free resources in Blog Post form, audio podcasts, videos, articles and presentations – all listed in the Resource Tab
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