T&D: Getting That Old Time Performance Religion

In Use By Me Since 1979

I was lucky. Very lucky. People showed me in 1979 how to conduct Analysis to establish Performance as the foundation for Performance-Based Training. Something that others seem to be rebranding as Performance First or something.

I’ve been teaching staff and client staff “How To” conduct such analyses since 1983.

It’s not new school – to some of us – it’s old school.


Performance Models

Beginning with the “End in Mind” the Performance Model chart starts (on the left) with the Outputs & Measures. Or “Outcomes” if you will.

Outcomes are Outputs that meet Stakeholder Requirements (or not).


Then Tasks – those overt Behaviors and covert Cognitive Thinking – necessary to producing the Outputs to the standards of the Measures established by the Stakeholders.


Then you can define who does those Tasks – individuals or teams or what.

Don’t Forget the Gap Analysis

Then you can identify the Typical Gaps – or every Gap ever experienced or conceivable – depending on your need for such – which are the Barriers to the ideal Performance on the left of the PM chart. I use the Measures to systematically review and derive such gaps.

Then you can derive the Probable Causes – or every Root Cause ever experienced or conceivable – depending on your need for such.


And then I like to quickly Categorize those Causes with the Analysis Team so that it’s clear which can be resolved by Training or not.

However – just because Training cannot resolve Root Causes doesn’t mean we cannot capture the Tips & Tricks of the Master Performers on “How To” avoid these barriers in the first place and “What To Do” if unavoidable in the second place.

Have some Empathy for the learners/Performers.

Then Leads to Enabling Knowledge/Skill Analysis

Once you have the foundation of Performance Requirements established you can systematically derive the Enabling K/Ss.


I use up to 17 Categories of Enabling Knowledge/Skills.


That Then Leads to Assessment of All Existing Content for Potential ReUse Purposes

And once you have the foundations of both the Performance and the Enabling K/Ss established you can systematically assess the Existing Content – Instruction & Information – for its ReUse potential.


Then you can go to your Design in ADDIE steps or your iterative SAM steps.

Past Post: My Performance Modeling Roots Examined – Quickly


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