From a 1972/1973 Praxis Workshop
Praxis was the consulting firm of the late Geary A. Rummler, PhD, and the late Thomas F. Gilbert, PhD, back in the 1970s.
A Focus on Performance Outputs & Tasks Enables Results Measurement
A focus on Topics does not lend itself to Results Measurement.
See the 407 page PDF of that set of workshop materials – here.
See my 30 pages of notes from 1980 – here.