Why Use Tools for Assessment That Are Not Valid or Reliable?
Just because some thing is very popular – VERY POPULAR – doesn’t make it valid.
This is what is valid: The Big 5
In contemporary psychology, the “Big Five” factors (or Five Factor Model; FFM) of personality are five broad domains or dimensions of personality that are used to describe human personality.
The Big Five framework of personality traits from Costa & McCrae, 1992 has emerged as a robust model for understanding the relationship between personality and various academic behaviors. The Big Five factors are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (common acronyms are OCEAN, NEOAC, or CANOE).
- Conscientiousness is exempliﬁed by being disciplined, organized, and achievement-oriented.
- Agreeableness refers to being helpful, cooperative, and sympathetic towards others.
- Neuroticism refers to degree of emotional stability, impulse control, and anxiety.
- Openness is reﬂected in a strong intellectual curiosity and a preference for novelty and variety.
- Extraversion is displayed through a higher degree of sociability, assertiveness, and talkativeness.
There is some evidence that personality and motivation are intricately tied with individual differences in learning styles, and it is recommended that educators go beyond the current emphasis on cognition and include these variables in understanding academic behavior.
The neuroticism factor is sometimes referred by its low pole – “emotional stability”. Some disagreement remains about how to interpret the openness factor, which is sometimes called “intellect” rather than openness to experience. Beneath each factor, a cluster of correlated specific traits are found; for example, extraversion includes such related qualities as gregariousness, assertiveness, excitement seeking, warmth, activity and positive emotions.
Continued From Wikipedia:
The Big Five model is a comprehensive, empirical, data-driven research finding. Identifying the traits and structure of human personality has been one of the most fundamental goals in all of psychology.
The five broad factors were discovered and defined by several independent sets of researchers (Digman, 1990). These researchers began by studying known personality traits and then factor-analyzing hundreds of measures of these traits (in self-report and questionnaire data, peer ratings, and objective measures from experimental settings) in order to find the underlying factors of personality.
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